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Mybatis快速入门——Mybatis和Spring的整合(7)

Eric
2022-02-04 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 138 阅读 / 16,805 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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Mybatis和Spring的整合

1 准备工作

  • 导入所需要jar包的Maven坐标
<!--引入pageHelper分页插件 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
    <artifactId>pagehelper</artifactId>
    <version>5.0.0</version>
</dependency>
<!-- MBG -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis.generator</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-generator-core</artifactId>
    <version>1.3.5</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
    <version>4.3.7.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 返回json字符串的支持 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    <version>2.8.8</version>
</dependency>
<!--JSR303数据校验支持;tomcat7及以上的服务器,
tomcat7以下的服务器:el表达式。额外给服务器的lib包中替换新的标准的el
-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
    <artifactId>hibernate-validator</artifactId>
    <version>5.4.1.Final</version>
</dependency>
<!-- Spring-Jdbc -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
    <version>4.3.7.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<!--Spring-test -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
    <version>4.3.7.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<!-- Spring面向切面编程 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>
    <version>4.3.7.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<!--MyBatis -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
    <version>3.4.2</version>
</dependency>
<!-- MyBatis整合Spring的适配包 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
    <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
    <version>1.3.1</version>
</dependency>
<!-- 数据库连接池、驱动 -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
    <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
    <version>0.9.1</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>8.0.21</version>
</dependency>
<!-- (jstl,servlet-api,junit) -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>jstl</groupId>
    <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
    <version>1.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
    <version>3.0.1</version>
    <scope>provided</scope>
</dependency>
<!-- junit -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>junit</groupId>
    <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
    <version>4.12</version>
</dependency>
  • sql脚本:
SET NAMES utf8mb4;
SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 0;

-- ----------------------------
-- Table structure for employee
-- ----------------------------
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `employee`;
CREATE TABLE `employee`  (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `last_name` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `gender` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  `email` varchar(255) CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci NULL DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE
) ENGINE = InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT = 6 CHARACTER SET = utf8mb4 COLLATE = utf8mb4_general_ci ROW_FORMAT = Dynamic;

-- ----------------------------
-- Records of employee
-- ----------------------------
INSERT INTO `employee` VALUES (1, 'jerry', '男', 'jerry@qq.com');
INSERT INTO `employee` VALUES (2, 'aa', '男', 'aa@11.com');
INSERT INTO `employee` VALUES (3, 'bb', '男', 'bb@11.com');
INSERT INTO `employee` VALUES (4, 'aa', '男', 'aa@11.com');
INSERT INTO `employee` VALUES (5, 'bb', '男', 'bb@11.com');

SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 1;
  • db.properties
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://192.168.134.100:3306/test?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8&autoReconnect=true&useSSL=false&serverTimezone=GMT%2B8&allowPublicKeyRetrieval=true&allowMultiQueries=true
jdbc.driverClass=com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=123456
  • log4j.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE log4j:configuration SYSTEM "log4j.dtd">
 
<log4j:configuration xmlns:log4j="http://jakarta.apache.org/log4j/">
 
 <appender name="STDOUT" class="org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender">
   <param name="Encoding" value="UTF-8" />
   <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
    <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%-5p %d{MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} %m  (%F:%L) \n" />
   </layout>
 </appender>
 <logger name="java.sql">
   <level value="debug" />
 </logger>
 <logger name="org.apache.ibatis">
   <level value="info" />
 </logger>
 <root>
   <level value="debug" />
   <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />
 </root>
</log4j:configuration>
  • Employee.java
package top.open1024.domain;

import org.apache.ibatis.type.Alias;

import java.io.Serializable;

@Alias("emp")
public class Employee implements Serializable {

    private Integer id;

    private String lastName;

    private String email;

    private String gender;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getLastName() {
        return lastName;
    }

    public void setLastName(String lastName) {
        this.lastName = lastName;
    }

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }

    public String getGender() {
        return gender;
    }

    public void setGender(String gender) {
        this.gender = gender;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Employee{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", lastName='" + lastName + '\'' +
                ", email='" + email + '\'' +
                ", gender='" + gender + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

2 配置

  • 新建mybatis-config.xml文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

    <settings>
        <!-- 开启自动驼峰命名规则映射 -->
        <setting name="mapUnderscoreToCamelCase" value="true"/>
        <!-- 开启对jdbcType的NULL的支持 -->
        <setting name="jdbcTypeForNull" value="NULL"/>
        <!-- 开启延迟加载 -->
        <setting name="lazyLoadingEnabled" value="true"/>
        <!-- 开启按需加载 -->
        <setting name="aggressiveLazyLoading" value="false"/>
        <!-- 开启二级缓存 -->
        <setting name="cacheEnabled" value="true"/>
    </settings>

    <databaseIdProvider type="DB_VENDOR">
        <!--
            为不同的数据库厂商起别名
        -->
        <property name="MySQL" value="mysql"/>
        <property name="Oracle" value="oracle"/>
        <property name="SQL Server" value="sqlserver"/>
    </databaseIdProvider>

</configuration>
  • 新建applicationContext.xml
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:jdbc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mybatis="http://mybatis.org/schema/mybatis-spring"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc http://www.springframework.org/schema/jdbc/spring-jdbc.xsd
     http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd
     http://mybatis.org/schema/mybatis-spring http://mybatis.org/schema/mybatis-spring.xsd">

    <!-- 引入数据库配置文件 -->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath*:db.properties"/>

    <!-- 开启组件扫描 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="top.open1024">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>


    <!-- 配置数据库连接池 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driverClass}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 整合Mybatis -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 指定Mybatis的全局配置文件的位置 -->
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
        <!--  指定Mapper映射文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:com/sunxiaping/mapper/*.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 扫描所有的Mapper接口,让所有的Mapper自动注入 -->
    <mybatis:scan base-package="top.open1024.mapper"></mybatis:scan>

    <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>


    <!-- 开启事务注解驱动 -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>

</beans>
  • 新建springmvc.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd">

    <!--SpringMVC只是控制网站跳转逻辑  -->
    <!-- 只扫描控制器 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="top.open1024" use-default-filters="false">
        <context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>

    <!-- 视图解析器 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
    </bean>

    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

</beans>
  • 在web.xml中配置启动Spring的容器以及前端控制器…
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
         id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5">

    <!--1、启动Spring的容器  -->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!--2、springmvc的前端控制器,拦截所有请求  -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath*:springmvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <!-- 3、字符编码过滤器,一定要放在所有过滤器之前 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceRequestEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceResponseEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- 4、使用Rest风格的URI,将页面普通的post请求转为指定的delete或者put请求 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>HiddenHttpMethodFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter</filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>HiddenHttpMethodFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <filter>
        <filter-name>HttpPutFormContentFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.HttpPutFormContentFilter</filter-class>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>HttpPutFormContentFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>


</web-app>

3 编码

  • 新建EmployeeMapper.java
package top.open1024.mapper;

import top.open1024.domain.Employee;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Mapper;

@Mapper
public interface EmployeeMapper {

    Employee findById(Integer id);
}
  • 新建EmployeeMapper.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="top.open1024.mapper.EmployeeMapper">

    <select id="findById" resultType="top.open1024.domain.Employee">
        SELECT id as id,last_name as lastName,gender as gender,email as email
        FROM employee
        WHERE id = #{id,jdbcType=INTEGER}
    </select>

</mapper>
  • 新建EmployeeService.java
package top.open1024.service;

import top.open1024.domain.Employee;

public interface EmployeeService {

    Employee findById(Integer id);
}
  • 新建EmployeeServiceImpl.java
package top.open1024.service.impl;

import top.open1024.domain.Employee;
import top.open1024.mapper.EmployeeMapper;
import top.open1024.service.EmployeeService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

@Service
@Transactional
public class EmployeeServiceImpl implements EmployeeService {

    @Autowired
    private EmployeeMapper employeeMapper;
    
    @Override
    public Employee findById(Integer id) {
        return employeeMapper.findById(id);
    }
}
  • 新建EmployeeController.java
package top.open1024.web;

import top.open1024.domain.Employee;
import top.open1024.service.EmployeeService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@RestController
@RequestMapping(value = "/emp")
public class EmployeeController {

    @Autowired
    private EmployeeService employeeService;

    @GetMapping(value = "/findById/{id}")
    public Employee findById(@PathVariable("id") Integer id){

        Employee employee = employeeService.findById(id);

        return employee;
    }

}
  • 新建测试类:
package top.open1024;

import top.open1024.domain.Employee;
import top.open1024.service.EmployeeService;
import top.open1024.web.EmployeeController;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations={"classpath:applicationContext.xml","classpath:springmvc.xml"})
public class EmployeeTest {

    @Autowired
    private EmployeeService employeeService;
    
    @Autowired
    private EmployeeController employeeController;
    
    @Test
    public void test(){
        Employee employee = employeeService.findById(1);
        System.out.println("employee = " + employee);

        Employee employee1 = employeeController.findById(1);
        System.out.println("employee1 = " + employee1);
    }

}
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